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Abstract: This paper presents an innovative vertical breakwater cross-section integrating an overtopping wave energy converter, named OBREC-V, and the analysis of its hydraulic performance and stability response to hydraulic loading. The structure is composed of a vertically-faced caisson with a sloping ramp on the top, a reservoir and a set-back crown-wall. The analysis of the structure is carried out by performing numerical simulations based on the Volume-Averaged Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (VARANS) equations. The numerical simulations are performed to compare the performance of a traditional and innovative vertical caissons under the action of irregular waves, in terms of wave reflection, overtopping and wave acting forces. Results show that the reflection coefficients are lower than those computed in front of the traditional breakwater, with a reduction of up to the 40%. New formulations are proposed to better estimate the reflection coefficient and the wave overtopping at the rear side of the structure taking into account the non-conventional geometry of the device. The analysis of the forces indicate that the non-conventional geometry of the innovative OBREC-caisson increases the overall stability of the structure. The values of the safety factor against sliding, Cs, on innovative caissons are similar or greater than those calculated on the traditional vertical structure for almost all the tests. The downward force on the ramp and reservoir and the time lag between the vertical and horizontal forces, lead to a significant reduction of the maximum destabilizing forces Fs in the innovative breakwater, whose values range between 60 and 80% of the ones computed on the traditional structure. The obtained results show the co-benefits, in terms of functionality and hydraulic stability, that an OBREC-V entails with respect to a traditional vertical breakwater.
Fuente: Coastal Engineering Volume 159, August 2020, 103713
Fecha de publicación: 01/08/2020
Nº de páginas: 17
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2020.103713
DI LAURO, ENRICO
MARIA EMILIA MAZA FERNANDEZ
JAVIER LOPEZ LARA
IÑIGO LOSADA RODRIGUEZ