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CO emissions and temperature analysis from an experimental and numerical study of partially premixed methane flames impinging onto a cooking pot

Abstract: The increase of thermal efficiency compatible with low carbon monoxide (CO) emissions is a challenging and permanent target in the design of any burning technology such as domestic gas cooking burners. The main goal of this work is to provide a deeper insight into the CO formation and its relationship with the flame structure when natural gas (NG) is burnt in these devices. Given their geometrical complexity, a simpler configuration is employed to carry out new experimental tests assuming similar operating conditions. Then, numerical modeling is validated and subsequently used to deeply analyze the flame-wall interaction phenomena. The simplified burner consists of an axisymmetric, partially premixed methane flame impinging perpendicularly onto the bottom wall of a water pot. The influence of burner-to-pot distance, flame thermal power, primary aeration and inside-pot water temperature on CO emissions and thermal efficiency is evaluated. A decrease in CO emissions is observed as primary aeration or wall temperature increases. Nevertheless, non-monotonic trends appear for changes in burner-to-pot distance or flame thermal power. The trends are numerically well captured selecting the detailed GRI-Mech 3.0 chemistry mechanism. The analysis of the computational results reveals that CO emissions and thermal efficiency are strongly related to the relative boundary position of the inner premixed flame cone and the wall. The growth of the distinct zones of the flame where CO chemically reacts with primary and secondary air is constrained by the presence of the pot wall. This fact drives the final CO concentration, and incidentally the thermal efficiency, leading to a factual criterion for the design of NG burners.

 Autoría: Laguillo S., Ochoa J.S., Tizné E., Pina A., Ballester J., Ortiz A.,

 Fuente: Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 2021, 88, 103771

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/04/2021

Nº de páginas: 40

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1016/j.jngse.2020.103771

ISSN: 1875-5100,2212-3865

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2020.103771

Autores/as

SAUL LAGUILLO REVUELTA

JOSÉ SALVADOR OCHOA TORRES

TIZNÉ LARROY, EDUARDO

PINA ARTAL, ANTONIO

BALLESTER CASTAÑER, JAVIER