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First-principles study of two-dimensional electron and hole gases at the head-to-head and tail-to-tail 180º domain walls in PbTiO3 ferroelectric thin films

Abstract: We study from first principles the structural and electronic properties of head-to-head (HH) and tail-to-tail (TT) 180º domain walls in isolated free-standing PbTiO3 slabs. For sufficiently thick domains (n = 16 unit cells of PbTiO3), a transfer of charge from the free surfaces to the domain walls to form localized electron (in the HH) and hole (in the TT) gases in order to screen the bound polarization charges is observed. The electrostatic driving force behind this electronic reconstruction is clearly visible from the perfect match between the smoothed free charge densities and the bound charge distribution, computed from a finite difference of the polarization profile obtained after the relaxation of the lattice degrees of freedom. The domain wall widths, of around six unit cells, are larger than in the conventional 180? neutral configurations. Since no oxygen vacancies, defects, or dopant atoms are introduced in our simulations, all the previous physical quantities are the intrinsic limits of the system. Our results support the existence of an extra source of charge at the domain walls to explain the enhancement of the conductivity observed in some domains walls of prototypical, insulating in bulk, perovskite oxides.

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 Fuente: PHYSICAL REVIEW B 101, 174114 (2020)

Editorial: American Physical Society

 Año de publicación: 2020

Nº de páginas: 7

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.101.174114

ISSN: 1098-0121,1550-235X,2469-9950,2469-9969

Proyecto español: FIS2015-64886-C5-2-P ; PGC2018-096955-B-C41

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