Multi-Criteria Selection of Additives in Porous Asphalt Mixtures Using Mechanical, Hydraulic, Economic, and Environmental Indicators

Abstract: Porous asphalt (PA) mixtures are more environmentally friendly but have lower durability than dense-graded mixtures. Additives can be incorporated into PA mixtures to enhance their mechanical strength; however, they may compromise the hydraulic characteristics, increase the total cost of pavement, and negatively affect the environment. In this paper, PA mixtures were produced with 5 different types of additives including 4 fibers and 1 filler. Their performances were compared with the reference mixtures containing virgin bitumen and polymer-modified bitumen. The performance of all mixes was assessed using: mechanical, hydraulic, economic, and environmental indicators. Then, the Delphi method was applied to compute the relative weights for the parameters in multi-criteria decision-making methods. Evaluation based on distance from average solution (EDAS), technique for order of the preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS), and weighted aggregated sum product assessment (WASPAS) were employed to rank the additives. According to the results obtained, aramid pulp displayed comparable and, for some parameters such as abrasion resistance, even better performance than polymer-modified bitumen, whereas cellulose fiber demonstrated the best performance regarding sustainability, due to economic and environmental benefits

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Sustainability 2021, 13, 2146.

Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 01/02/2021

Nº de páginas: 20

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.3390/su13042146

ISSN: 2071-1050

Proyecto europeo: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/765057/EU/Sustainable, Accessible, Safe, Resilient and Smart Urban Pavements/SAFERUP/