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Influence of gravel density in the behaviour of soft soils improved with stone columns


Abstract: Stone columns are frequently employed to improve the bearing capacity of soft soils, to reduce settlements, and to increase the speed of consolidation. Their behaviour depends on several factors, such as the density of the aggregate that forms the column and the area replacement ratio. This paper presents a study of the influence of the density of the gravel forming the columns on the deformation and stresses around end-bearing stone columns installed in soft soils. For this purpose, the behaviour of a horizontal slice of a unit cell has been analyzed by small-scale laboratory tests performed in a Rowe–Barden cell. Tests have been performed with a gravel relative density of Dr = 30% and with two area replacement ratios. Their results have been analyzed along with those from similar tests performed with a gravel density of Dr = 100%. The study is focused on the soil–column stress concentration ratio and the reduction of settlements. Finally, the experimental results are compared with numerical simulations. The results show that a reduction of settlements around 10% occurs when the relative density of the gravel increases from Dr = 30% to 100%. Numerical analyses reproduce well the behaviour of stone columns and are in good agreement with the experimental results.

 Fuente: Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 2015, 52(12): 1968-1980

Editorial: National Research Council of Canada

 Año de publicación: 2015

Nº de páginas: 13

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1139/cgj-2014-0487

ISSN: 0008-3674,1208-6010

Proyecto español: BIA2009-13602 ; BES-2010-032866

Url de la publicación: http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/cgj-2014-0487#.WEfwTLLhDcv