Abstract: Background: Although knee kinematics during landing tasks has traditionally been considered to predict noncontact knee injuries,
the predictive association between noncontact knee injuries and kinematic and kinetic variables remains unclear.
Purpose: To systematically review the association between kinematic and kinetic variables from biomechanical evaluation during
landing tasks and subsequent acute noncontact knee injuries in athletes.
Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 2.
Methods: Databases used for searches were MEDLINE, LILACS, IBECS, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, SCIELO, IME, ScienceDirect,
and Cochrane from database inception to May 2020. Manual reference checks, articles published online ahead of print, and
citation tracking were also considered. Eligibility criteria included prospective studies evaluating frontal and sagittal plane kinematics
and kinetics of landing tasks and their association with subsequent acute noncontact knee injuries in athletes.
Results: A total of 13 studies met the eligibility criteria, capturing 333 acute noncontact knee injuries in 8689 participants. A metaanalysis
revealed no significant effects for any kinematic and kinetic variable with regard to subsequent noncontact knee injuries.
Conclusion: No kinetic or kinematic variables from landing tasks had a significant association with acute noncontact knee injuries.
Therefore, the role and application of the landing assessment for predicting acute noncontact knee injuries are limited and unclear,
particularly given the heterogeneity and risk of bias of studies to date.