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The performance of vascular age in the assessment of cardiovascular risk of patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Abstract: Background. Cardiovascular (CV) disease risk prediction models developed for use in the general population have suboptimal performance in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Vascular age (VA) is a new concept that has been proposed as a measure of CV "relative" risk instead of the "absolute" risk that current prediction models provide. In the present study we aim to study the performance of vascular age (VA) in the assessment of CV risk in patients with RA. We additionally aimed to analyze its relation with subclinical atherosclerosis as measured through carotid plaque ultrasound. Methods. A total of 1173 non-diabetic RA patients without previous CV events were included. Disease characteristics, SCORE, VA determined on SCORE and on carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), and the presence of plaque through carotid ultrasound were assessed. The interrelations of VA with SCORE, and its associations with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis were studied. Results. On average, RA patients had both a SCORE determined VA (4.7 years) and a cIMT-based VA (2.4 years) significantly higher than the chronological age. When these differences were analyzed in different age intervals, while VA based on SCORE was significantly higher compared to chronological age in all age ranges, VA determined on cIMT was significantly elevated only in RA patients younger than 60 years. The area under the curve analysis for the association of SCORE and VA with the presence of carotid plaque disclosed no differences between both parameters. VA was associated with the presence of carotid plaque after multivariable regression analysis in patients younger than 60 years old. Conclusion. VA is significantly higher than chronological age in patients with RA. The performance of VA in its relation to carotid plaque is similar to that of the SCORE.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Journal of clinical medicine 2020, 9, 4065

Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2020

Nº de páginas: 9

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/jcm9124065

ISSN: 2077-0383

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