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The TYK2 gene encodes a tyrosin kinase which is involved in multiple immune functions. A functional variant of this gene has been identified to play a protective role in multiple autoimmune diseases. The goal of this study was to evaluate the involvement of this variant of TYK2 in vasculitides [giant cell arteritis (GCA), ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) and IgA vasculitis (IgAV)] and viral infections [hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1)].
The study sample was composed of 13,745 European individuals. The genotyping was performed by Immunochip and TaqMan 5? allele discrimination assays and the allele frequencies were compared using PLINK.
Although the results obtained did not reach the genome-wide level of significance, p-values at nominal significance were observed, suggesting that the TYK2 variant provides protection against two vasculitides: GCA (p=5.94E-3; OR (95%CI) = 0.56 (0.37?0.85) and AAV (p=6.79E-3; OR (95%CI) = 0.65 (0.47?0.89). However, this variant was not found to be associated with IgAV. No evidence was gained that the TYK2 variant confers susceptibility to HCV and HIV-1 infection.
This is the first study to propose the association between the TYK2 and both GCA and AAV. Our findings also suggest that TYK2 does not play a relevant role in IgAV or in susceptibility to HCV and HVI-1.
Fuente: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology 2020; 38: 949-955.
Editorial: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Año de publicación: 2020
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
MIGUEL ANGEL GONZALEZ-GAY MANTECON