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Measuring social influence and group formation during evacuation process

Abstract: Evacuees are likely to respond and move forming groups. However specific data about grouping is generally unavailable and the relationship between response and movement times and specific groupings are unknown. Using a simple method, we measure behavioural cohesion of occupants during evacuation processes. The case study involves using the method in a bus station, a sport centre and a library. Results suggest that proximity (visual/verbal contact) is an important factor but not decisive in the formation of evacuation groups. Social ties and whether occupants share a target and/or an activity before the alarm are also deemed to be important factors. This provides an exciting opportunity to advance our knowledge of social influence and group formation during evacuation.

Otras comunicaciones del congreso o articulos relacionados con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Congreso: International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics: PED (9ª : 2018 : Lund, Suecia)

 Editorial: Central Library Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH

 Año de publicación: 2020

 Nº de páginas: 8

 Tipo de publicación: Comunicación a Congreso

 DOI: 10.17815/CD.2020.56

 ISSN: 2366-8539

 Proyecto español: BIA2015-64866-R

 Proyecto europeo: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/740466/EU/Law Enforcement agencies human factor methods and Toolkit for the Security and protection of CROWDs in mass gatherings/LETS-CROWD/