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Self-organizing maps to assess the recycling of waste in ceramic construction materials

Abstract: Circular economy promotes the use of waste materials into new production processes as a key factor for resource efficiency. The construction sector, and specifically the fired clay industry, is able to assimilate large amounts of waste in their processes, without significantly altering the technical properties of products. The introduction of different waste in ceramic products at the laboratory level has been extensively studied in the literature, but most of these studies have not yet been scaled-up to industrial production. Differences in processing with respect to laboratory conditions introduces uncertainty in relation to the expected properties of the final products. This paper uses a Self-Organizing Map (SOM)-based methodology for analysing and assessing the incorporation of industrial waste, Waelz slag (WS) and foundry sand dust (FSD), in ceramic products obtained sequentially at laboratory, semi-industrial and industrial level, over technological properties and metals release. As a result, from the SOM analysis, a clustered map of the samples developed is obtained that highlights the most important parameters affecting the technological and environmental properties to be the type of clay and therefore, the firing temperature; secondly, the Waelz slag content, being independent of the foundry sand addition; and finally, the type and level of processing (laboratory-pressing, semi-industrial extruder, industrial extruder).

 Autoría: Salas I., Cifrian E., Andres A., Viguri J.R.,

 Fuente: Applied Sciences, 2021, 11(21), 10010

 Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 26/10/2021

 Nº de páginas: 17

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/app112110010

 ISSN: 2076-3417

 Proyecto español: RTI2018-097612-B-C22