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Microdistribution patterns of macroinvertebrate communities upstream and downstream of organic effluents

Abstract: The present study analyses the distribution patterns of macroinvertebrate communities in four microhabitats (riffles, glides, leaf litter and bank roots) upstream and downstream of two waste water treatment plant (WWTP) effluents in northern Spain rivers. Macroinvertebrate communities were analysed in November 2006 by taking 5 samples from each of the microhabitats under unaffected (upstream WWTP) and affected (downstream WWTP) conditions, respectively. Water velocity, depth, substrate coarseness and hydraulic stress by means of the Froude number were also estimated at all sampling locations. Under unaffected conditions, the abundance and presence/absence of certain macroinvertebrate taxa were mainly determined by hydraulic characteristics (water velocity and Froude number) and feeding resource availability. However, neither macroinvertebrate richness nor abundance were neither significantly correlated with hydraulic stress nor substrate coarseness, although the number of macroinvertebrate taxa increased in microhabitats with high structural complexity. Macroinvertebrate abundance increased downstream of both WWTPs, while macroinvertebrate richness was not adversely affected by the organic enrichment of water. The structure and composition of macroinvertebrate communities occurring in riffles was similar under unaffected and affected conditions, while communities from leaf litter and submerged bank roots showed important changes above and below the WWTPs, indicating that they are probably the most appropriate communities for water quality assessment.

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 Autoría: Álvarez-Cabria M., Barquín J., Juanes J.A.,

 Fuente: Water Research 2011, 45 (3), 1501-1511

Editorial: Elsevier Limited

 Fecha de publicación: 01/01/2011

Nº de páginas: 11

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2010.11.028

ISSN: 0043-1354,1879-2448

Proyecto español: CGL2006-10282

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2010.11.028