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NURBS functional network approach for automatic image segmentation of macroscopic medical images in melanoma detection

Abstract: Image processing techniques are becoming standard technology in many medical specialities, such as dermatology, where they are a key tool for the early detection and diagnosis of melanoma and other skin cancers and tumors. A previous paper by the authors presented at SOCO 2020 conference introduced a new method for image segmentation of skin images through functional networks. The method performs well but it relies on a semi-automatic approach involving a combination of manual and automatic operations. This paper aims at making image segmentation of macroscopic skin images a fully automatic process. To this purpose, the present work extends our previous paper with five new relevant contributions: (1) a filtering strategy for removal of noise, hair and other artifacts; (2) two morphological operators for image enhancement; (3) a clustering-based binary classifier to separate the skin tumor from the image background; (4) a smoothing and discretization process to obtain the border points; and (5) a curve reconstruction method from the border points with NURBS using a new type of functional network particularly tailored for this task. This new method is applied to two different benchmarks, comprised respectively of four and two macroscopic medical images of skin tumors. The visual and numerical results show that the method performs very well, yielding segmented images which are suitable for clinical practice. This method is a significant step towards the future development of a fully automatic approach for the whole medical image analysis pipeline of skin images, including diagnosis and classification.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Autoría: Gálvez A., Iglesias A., Fister I., Otero C., Díaz J.A.,

 Fuente: Journal of Computational Science 2021, 56, 101481

Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2021

Nº de páginas: 13

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jocs.2021.101481

ISSN: 1877-7503,1877-7511

 Proyecto europeo: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/778035/EU/PDE-based geometric modelling, image processing, and shape reconstruction/PDE-GIR/

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocs.2021.101481