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CO2 electroreduction: sustainability analysis of the renewable synthetic natural gas

Abstract: Capture and utilization of industrial CO2 emissions into low-carbon fuels is a promising alternative to store renewable electricity into chemical vectors while decarbonizing the economy. This work evaluates the viability pathways of producing synthetic natural gas (SNG) by direct CO2 electroreduction (ER) in Power-To-Synthetic Natural Gas electrolyzers (PtSNG). We perform an ex-ante techno-economic (TEA) and life cycle analysis (LCA) for a 2030 framework in Europe. ER performance is varied in defined scenarios and assessed using a built-in process model of the PtSNG system, revealing uncharted limitations and benchmarks to achieve. Results show that substitution of fossil natural gas with renewable SNG could avoid more than 1 kg CO2e/kg SNG under moderate ER conditions when using low-carbon electricity (< 60 kg CO2e/MWh). SNG profitability for 2030 would rely on: i) higher CH4 current densities (800-1000 mA/cm2), ii) improvements in energy efficiency (higher than 60%), and iii) valorization of the anodic product or additional carbon incentives. Our study proves that if market and technology evolve appropriately in the coming years, the SNG by CO2 ER may be a mid-term climate change mitigation technology, among others.

 Autoría: Fernández-González J., Rumayor M., Domínguez-Ramos A., Irabien Á.,

 Fuente: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 2022, 114, 103549

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/02/2022

 Nº de páginas: 11

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2021.103549

 ISSN: 1750-5836,1878-0148

 Proyecto español: PID2020-114787RB-I00

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2021.103549