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Predictive model of preventive behaviors against COVID-19 in the older adult: the PREASOC-COVID-19 study

Abstract: Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between COVID-19 preventive behaviors, as the dependent variable, with risk perception, coping style and sense of coherence, as independent variables, in older people living in the community. Methods: An observational design for predictive model development. This study was reported following the STROBE statement. The subjects were people over 65 years of age living in the community. Data collection included sociodemographic variables related to COVID-19, risk perception and types, coping styles in the face of contagion, sense of coherence, and preventive behaviors in the face of COVID-19. The data collection period was from November 2020 to January 2021. Results: A total of 305 people participated in this study (71.5% women, mean age 71.34 years; 6.9% suffered from COVID-19 and 44.3% knew someone close to them who suffered from the virus). The coping style variables problem-focused, emotion-focused, and sense of coherence subscales Significance and manageability explained 17% of the variable preventive behaviors against COVID-19. There were statistically significant differences by gender in all subscales, with women scoring higher in all of them; Conclusions: Men with low risk perception, extrinsic risk perception, and low sense of coherence presented worse COVID-19 preventive behaviors. It would be interesting to develop specific prevention and health education campaigns for this population.

 Fuente: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11067

 Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 21/10/2021

 Nº de páginas: 12

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph182111067

 ISSN: 1661-7827,1660-4601

Autoría

DELGADO URIA, AROA

GARCÍA LECUE, MARTA

IZAGUIRRE PALAZUELOS, EVA

MARTÍNEZ RUIZ, CÉSAR

FERNÁNDEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, ÁNGELA