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Influence of Ships Docking System in the Reduction of CO2 Emissions in Container Ports

Abstract: Taking into account the increase in the emission of greenhouse gases produced by ships, during navigation and maneuvering in port, a direct consequence of the increase in maritime traffic, the international community has developed a broad set of regulations to limit such emissions. The installation in commercial ports of automatic mooring systems by means of vacuum suction cups, thus considerably reducing the time required to carry out ship mooring and unmooring maneuvers, is a factor that is considerably influencing the decrease in emissions of polluting gases in commercial ports with high traffic. The objective of the present work is to verify the influence of the use of the automatic mooring systems via vacuum suction cups on the emissions of polluting gases produced in the facilities destined to the traffic of container ships. To do this, two different calculation methods were used, Environmental Protection Agency and Environmental and Engineering Consultancy, to then compare the results of the two and thus obtain the reduction in emissions per twenty-foot equivalent unit in these terminals during mooring maneuvers. The paper concludes with a discussion on the values of the reductions in emissions obtained and the advantages of the installation of automatic mooring systems using vacuum suction cups in commercial ports located near population centers.

 Fuente: Sustainability 2021, 13, 5051

 Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 30/04/2021

 Nº de páginas: 11

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/su13095051

 ISSN: 2071-1050

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095051