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Statistics of the Optical Phase of a Gain-Switched Semiconductor Laser for Fast Quantum Randomness Generation

Abstract: The statistics of the optical phase of the light emitted by a semiconductor laser diode when subject to periodic modulation of the applied bias current are theoretically analyzed. Numerical simulations of the stochastic rate equations describing the previous system are performed to describe the temporal dependence of the phase statistics. These simulations are performed by considering two cases corresponding to random and deterministic initial conditions. In contrast to the Gaussian character of the phase that has been assumed in previous works, we show that the phase is not distributed as a Gaussian during the initial stages of evolution. We characterize the time it takes the phase to become Gaussian by calculating the dynamical evolution of the kurtosis coefficient of the phase. We show that, under the typical gain-switching with square-wave modulation used for quantum random number generation, quantity is in the ns time scale; that corresponds to the time it takes the system to lose the memory of the distribution of the initial conditions. We compare the standard deviation of the phase obtained with random and deterministic initial conditions to show that their differences become more important as the modulation speed is increased.

 Fuente: Photonics. 2021; 8(9):388

 Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2021

 Nº de páginas: 12

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/photonics8090388

 ISSN: 2304-6732

 Proyecto español: RTI2018-094118-B-C22

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics8090388