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Risk factors for the development of the disease in antiphospholipid antibodies carriers: a long-term follow-up study

Abstract: The natural history of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) carriers is not well-established. The objectives of the present study were (a) to study the probability of developing clinical criteria of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), (b) to identify potential risk factors for developing thrombosis and/or obstetric complications, (c) to study the association between the antibody profile and development of APS, and (d) to determine the efficacy of primary prophylaxis. We retrospectively analyzed 138 subjects with positive aPL who did not fulfill clinical criteria for APS. The mean follow-up time was 138 ± 63.0 months. Thirteen patients (9.4%) developed thrombosis after an average period of 73.0 ± 48.0 months. Independent risk factors for thrombosis were smoking, hypertension, thrombocytopenia, and triple aPL positivity. Low-dose acetyl salicylic acid did not prevent thrombotic events. A total of 28 obstetric complications were detected in 92 pregnancies. During the follow-up, only two women developed obstetric APS. Prophylactic treatment in pregnant women was associated with a better outcome in the prevention of early abortions. The thrombosis rate in patients with positive aPL who do not meet diagnostic criteria for APS is 0.82/100 patients-year. Smoking, hypertension, thrombocytopenia, and the aPL profile are independent risk factors for the development of thrombosis in aPL carriers. Although the incidence of obstetric complications in this population is high (31.6%), only a few of them meet APS criteria. In these women, prophylactic treatment might be effective in preventing early abortions.

 Autoría: Pablo R.D., Cacho P.M., López-Hoyos M., Calvo-Río V., Riancho-Zarrabeitia L., Martínez-Taboada V.M.,

 Fuente: Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology, 2022, 62(2), 354-362

 Editorial: Humana Press Inc.

 Año de publicación: 2022

 Nº de páginas: 9

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1007/s12016-021-08862-5

 ISSN: 1080-0549,1559-0267

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12016-021-08862-5