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Technological behaviour and recycling potential of spent foundry sands in clay bricks

Abstract: The feasibility of recycling spent foundry sand in clay bricks was assessed in laboratory, pilot line and industrial trials, using naturally occurring sand as a reference. Raw materials were analyzed by X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, particle size distribution, and leaching and combined to produce bodies containing up to 35% wt. sand. The extrusion, drying and firing behaviour (plasticity, drying sensitivity, mechanical strength, bulk density, water absorption, and shrinkage) were determined. The microstructure, phase composition, durability and leaching (EN 12457, granular materials, end-life step, European Waste Landfill Directive; NEN 7345, monolithic materials, use-life step, Dutch Building Material Decree) were evaluated for bricks manufactured at optimal firing temperature. These results demonstrate that spent foundry sand can be recycled in clay bricks. There are no relevant technological drawbacks, but the feasibility strongly depends on the properties of the raw materials. Spent foundry sand may be introduced into bricks up to 30% wt. Most of the hazardous elements from the spent foundry sand are inertized during firing and the concentrations of hazardous components in the leachates are below the standard threshold for inert waste category landfill excepting for chromium and lead; however, their environmental risk during their use-life step can be considered negligible.

 Autoría: Alonso-Santurde R., Andrés A., Viguri J., Raimondo M., Guarini G., Zanelli C., Dondi M.,

 Fuente: Journal of Environmental Management, 2011, 92(3), 994-1002

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 03/03/2011

 Nº de páginas: 9

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.11.004

 ISSN: 0301-4797,1095-8630

 Proyecto español: CTM2009-11303

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.11.004