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Peripheral lymphocyte signaling pathway deficiencies predict treatment response in first-onset drug-naïve schizophrenia

Abstract: Despite being a major cause of disability worldwide, the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and molecular basis of treatment response heterogeneity continue to be unresolved. Recent evidence suggests that multiple aspects of pathophysiology, including genetic risk factors, converge on key cell signaling pathways and that exploration of peripheral blood cells might represent a practical window into cell signaling alterations in the disease state. We employed multiplexed phospho-specific flow cytometry to examine cell signaling epitope expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) subtypes in drug-naïve schizophrenia patients (n = 49) relative to controls (n = 61) and relate these changes to serum immune response proteins, schizophrenia polygenic risk scores and clinical effects of treatment, including drug response and side effects, over the longitudinal course of antipsychotic treatment. This revealed both previously characterized (Akt1) and novel cell signaling epitopes (IRF-7 (pS477/pS479), CrkL (pY207), Stat3 (pS727), Stat3 (pY705) and Stat5 (pY694)) across PBMC subtypes which were associated with schizophrenia at disease onset, and correlated with type I interferon-related serum molecules CD40 and CXCL11. Alterations in Akt1 and IRF-7 (pS477/pS479) were additionally associated with polygenic risk of schizophrenia. Finally, changes in Akt1, IRF-7 (pS477/pS479) and Stat3 (pS727) predicted development of metabolic and cardiovascular side effects following antipsychotic treatment, while IRF-7 (pS477/pS479) and Stat3 (pS727) predicted early improvements in general psychopathology scores measured using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS). These findings suggest that peripheral blood cells can provide an accessible surrogate model for intracellular signaling alterations in schizophrenia and have the potential to stratify subgroups of patients with different clinical outcomes or a greater risk of developing metabolic and cardiovascular side effects following antipsychotic therapy.

 Fuente: Brain, Behavior and Immunity, 2022, 103, 37-49

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/07/2022

 Nº de páginas: 13

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2022.03.016

 ISSN: 0889-1591,1090-2139

 Proyecto español: SAF2016-76046-R; SAF2013-46292-R

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2022.03.016

Autoría

LAGO, SANTIAGO G.

TOMASIK, JAKUB

VAN REES, GEERTJE F.

RUSTOGI, NITIN

PAPIOL, SERGI

BENEDICTO CRESPO FACORRO

BAHN, SABINE