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Kinetics of ultrasound-enhanced electrochemical oxidation of diuron on boron-doped diamond electrodes

Abstract: Freshwater polluted with herbicides is an environmental problem of concern due to the high toxicity and non-biodegradability of these compounds. This work analyses for the first time the degradation and mineralization of diuron (N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N,N-dimethyl-urea), considered priority substance by the European Commission, by electrochemical oxidation (EO) at a boron-doped diamond anode enhanced by low frequency (20 kHz) ultrasound (US). A synergistic analysis was initially performed to evaluate the relative contribution of individual oxidation technologies to the global abatement and mineralization rates of diuron observed under sonoelectrochemical (US-EO) treatment. Under the operation conditions, j = 60 mA cm-2, VUS = 20 kHz, pH = 12, T = 10 °C and 8 h of experimental running, results demonstrated improvements on the mineralization kinetics of diuron closely to 43% when ultrasounds are coupled to the electrochemical treatment. The process efficiency was evaluated through the analysis of the mineralization rate as a good indicator of the formation of organic metabolites which may have higher toxic effects than parent diuron. The mineralization kinetics of diuron degradation by US-EO have been experimentally and theoretically analysed working with 20-30 mg L-1 of diuron, initial pH values between 2 and 12 and temperatures between 10 °C and 40 °C. The encouraging results showed that alkaline pH favours the mineralization rate obtaining reductions of the total organic carbon higher than the 92% after 6 h of degradation. The temperature in the range between 10 °C and 40 °C has a weak impact on the kinetics of the sonoelectrochemical mineralization of diuron.

 Autoría: Bringas E., Saiz J., Ortiz I.,

 Fuente: Chemical Engineering Journal, 2011, 172(2-3), 1016-1022

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 15/08/2011

 Nº de páginas: 7

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2011.07.016

 ISSN: 1385-8947,1873-3212

 Proyecto español: CTQ2008-00690

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.07.016