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Colour due to Cr3+ ions in oxides: A study of the model system MgO:Cr3+

Abstract: Seeking to understand why the cubic centre in MgO:Cr3+ has the same 10Dq value as emerald, ab initio cluster and periodic supercell calculations have been performed. It is found that the equilibrium Cr 3+-O2- distance, R, in MgO:Cr3+ is equal to 2.03and thus 0.06 higher than that measured for the emerald. Calculations carried out on the isolated complex at R = 2.03 give 10Dq = 14 510 cm -1, which is 10% smaller than the experimental figure for MgO:Cr 3+. Nevertheless, when the internal electric field, ER(r), due to the rest of the lattice ions is also taken into account, the calculated 10Dq = 16 210 cm-1 coincides with the experimental value. Accordingly, the colour shift for different oxides doped with Cr3+ can be well understood on the basis of this extrinsic contribution to 10Dq usually ignored in a ligand field description. The calculated electrostatic potential, VR(r), related to ER(r), is found to be attractive when the electronic density is lying along 110 directions and |r| > 1 driven by the first shell of twelve Mg2+ ions. The action of VR(r) upon the complex slightly decreases the energy of t 2g(xy,xz,yz) orbitals with respect to that for eg(3z 2 - r2,x2 - y2) orbitals, thus enhancing the 10Dq value by 0.2 eV. However, the addition of VR(r) induces very small changes in the electronic density, a relevant fact that is related to the emission energy being nearly independent of the host lattice along the series of Cr3+-doped oxides.

 Autoría: Aramburu J.A., García-Fernández P., García-Lastra J.M., Barriuso M.T., Moreno M.,

 Fuente: Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, 2013, 25(17), 175501

 Editorial: IOP Publishing

 Fecha de publicación: 01/05/2013

 Nº de páginas: 8

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/25/17/175501

 ISSN: 0953-8984,1361-648X

 Proyecto español: FIS2009-07083

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/25/17/175501