Estamos realizando la búsqueda. Por favor, espere...

Application of interfacially polymerized polyamide composite membranes to isopropanol dehydration: Effect of membrane pre-treatment and temperature

Abstract: Commercial thin-film composite reverse osmosis (RO) membranes (SWC5, ESPA2 and CPA5) were dried under different membrane pre-treatments and evaluated for isopropanol dehydration at increased temperatures in pervaporation and vapor permeation systems. Water permeance was enhanced in the membranes pre-treated with ethanol-hexane and freeze drying, compared with those membranes dried by room temperature and in an oven. In particular, ethanol-hexane dried samples showed an enhanced water permeance by a factor of 1.7-3.5, depending on the structural characteristics of each membrane. The membranes exhibited stability for up to 25 operation hours in the vapor permeation system. Moreover, the operation temperature was an important factor in determining water and isopropanol permeances. With an increase in temperature, the highly permeable regions, which showed low selectivity, were plugged more rapidly. As a result, the maximum water/isopropanol separation factor was reached at 150 °C, a(water/IPA)=284, with a considerably high flux of 5.93 kg/(m2 h) for a CPA5 high-rejection RO membrane. The induced changes in the polymer morphology and separation performance data were compared to single gas permeation. The results are discussed in terms of membrane swelling, which softens the polymer and decreases the diffusion resistance to molecules in pervaporation by comparison with vapor permeation.

 Fuente: Journal of Membrane Science, 2014, 453, 384 -393

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/03/2014

 Nº de páginas: 10

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2013.11.030

 ISSN: 0376-7388,1873-3123

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2013.11.030