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Design and Validation of a Questionnaire on Risk Perception, Coping Behaviors and Preventive Knowledge against COVID-19 among Nursing Students

Abstract: As shown in the previous literature, in view of the future responsibilities of nursing professionals and the consequences for healthcare, it is of great interest to examine their risk perceptions, coping behaviors, and sense of coherency during the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study is to design and to validate a specific questionnaire that evaluates the factors relating to perceived risk, coping behaviors, and preventive knowledge against COVID-19 infection among nursing students from Spain. This is a psychometric study of a questionnaire's design and its validation in 1562 nursing students at 16 undergraduate nursing institutions in Spain. An ad-hoc survey was designed by a panel of six experts drawing from the literature. After a trial test, the questionnaire was formed with four scales (perception, risk, coping, and knowledge of preventive practices for COVID-19), with a total of 69 items. The final questionnaire was composed of 52 items grouped into four scales, with good psychometric properties to measure risk perception (Cronbach's alpha 0.735), factors related to perceived risk (Cronbach's alpha 0.653), coping behaviors (Cronbach's alpha 0.80), and knowledge of preventive practices against COVID-19 (Cronbach's alpha 0.77). This questionnaire, specifically designed and validated for nursing students, is the first to address four important areas in the development of preventive measures against COVID-19.

 Autoría: González-López J.R., Serrano-Gómez D., Velasco-González V., Alconero-Camarero A.R., Cuesta-Lozano D., García-García E., González-Sanz P., Herrera-Peco I., Martínez-Miguel E., Morán-García J.M., Recio-Rodríguez J.I., Sarabia-Cobo C.,

 Fuente: J Pers Med . 2022 Mar 22;12(4):515

 Año de publicación: 2022

 Nº de páginas: 10

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/jpm12040515

 ISSN: 2075-4426

 Url de la publicación: https://www.doi.org/10.3390/jpm12040515

Autoría

GONZÁLEZ-LÓPEZ, JOSÉ RAFAEL

SERRANO-GÓMEZ, DIEGO

VELASCO-GONZÁLEZ, VERÓNICA

CUESTA-LOZANO, DANIEL

GARCÍA-GARCÍA, ESTHER

GONZÁLEZ-SANZ, PILAR

HERRERA-PECO, IVÁN

MARTÍNEZ-MIGUEL, ESTHER

MORÁN-GARCÍA, JOSÉ MARÍA

RECIO-RODRÍGUEZ, JOSÉ IGNACIO