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Abstract: Mitokines (Humanin (HN), GDF15 and FGF21) are produced as a result of mitochondrial dysfunction and may have major roles in chronic inflammation, malnutrition and exercise capacity in people with COPD. Except for GDF15, studies on this subject are lacking. A total of 165 patients with stable COPD and 49 smokers without COPD were enrolled. We assessed their serum mitokine levels and clinical characteristics at baseline. We recorded moderate and severe exacerbation for the next 12 months. Baseline serum HN (p = 0.037) and GDF-15 (p = 0.013) levels were higher in the COPD group. High HN levels were independently associated with a high risk of exacerbation (HRE) (OR 2.798, 95% CI 1.266-6.187, p = 0.011), malnutrition (OR 6.645, 95% CI 1.859-23.749, p = 0.004), and 6MWD (OR 0.995, 95% CI 0.991-0.999, p = 0.008), and future moderate (HR 1.826, 95% CI 1.181-2.822, p = 0.007) and severe exacerbations (HR 3.445, 95% CI 1.357-8.740, p = 0.009). High GDF15 levels were associated with HRE (OR 3.028, 95% CI 1.134-8.083, p = 0.027), 6MWD (OR 0.995, 95% CI 0.990-0.999, p = 0.017) and predicted desaturation in 6MWT (OR 3.999, 95% CI 1.487-10.757, p = 0.006). High FGF21 levels were associated with HRE (OR 2.144, 95% CI 1.000-4.600, p = 0.05), and predicted future severe exacerbation (HR 4.217, 95% CI 1.459-12.193, p = 0.008). The mitokine levels were higher in patients with COPD than smokers without COPD, and were associated with important clinical outcomes such as exercise capacity and COPD exacerbation. Among the mitokines, HN showed the strongest association with COPD and may serve as a future risk biomarker in this disease.Trial registation NCT04449419.
Fuente: Sci Rep
. 2022 Oct 15;12(1):17315
Editorial: Nature Publishing Group
Año de publicación: 2022
Nº de páginas: 11
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
Url de la publicación: https://www.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-21757-5
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CARLOS ANTONIO AMADO DIAGO
LAVÍN, BERNARDO A
GUERRA, ARMANDO R
MARIA TERESA GARCIA UNZUETA