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Impurities bound to vacancies in insulators: Electronic relaxation and physical properties of the Cr3+-VM model center in KMF3 (M = Mg, Zn)

Abstract: This work is aimed at gaining a better insight into the influence of a close vacancy, V, on the properties of impurities in insulating materials. To achieve this goal the Cr3+?VM model center formed in KMF3 (M = Mg, Zn) fluoroperovskites has been explored in detail by means of ab initio calculations on clusters involving up to 87 ions. It is shown that the presence of the M2+ vacancy, VM, induces a significant structural relaxation on the CrF3?6 cubic complex which cannot be fully understood assuming that ions were rigid spheres that could not be polarized. Thus, although VM forces all the ligands to move away, the Cr3+?F? distance corresponding to the furthest ligand, Ffar, is found to be slightly higher than that for the closer equatorial ions. This unexpected fact is shown to be due to the electronic relaxation also induced by VM on the CrF3?6 complex, causing a charge of 0.2e to be transferred from the closest ligand to VM, Fnext, mainly to Ffar, and, to a lesser extent, to any equatorial ligand. This transfer of charge is mainly accomplished through orbitals lying in planes containing the C4 axis. In spite of these changes due to the vacancy, the 4A2g?4T2g optical transition is found to be weakly altered, a fact that concurs with available experimental data and whose origin is discussed. In contrast, electron paramagnetic resonance parameters such as gyromagnetic or superhyperfine tensors, which do depend on the electronic density around a point of the CrF3?6 complex, are shown to be particularly sensitive to the electronic relaxation induced by VM. In particular, the present study explains that the dominant component of the superhyperfine tensor for the Fnext ligand is clearly higher than that for Ffar, in agreement with experimental data. The relevance of the present results for understanding the electronic properties of other systems involving vacancies is also discussed. Some results on the Cr3+?Li+ center formed in KMgF3 are also discussed for comparison.

 Autoría: García-Fernández P., Trueba A., García-Cueto B., Aramburu J.A., Barriuso M.T., Moreno M.,

 Fuente: Physical Review B 2011, 83, 125123

 Editorial: American Physical Society

 Año de publicación: 2011

 Nº de páginas: 12

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.125123

 ISSN: 1098-0121,1550-235X,2469-9950,2469-9969

 Proyecto español: FIS2009-07083

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.83.125123