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Planck intermediate results XIV. Dust emission at millimetre wavelengths in the Galactic plane

Abstract: We use Planck HFI data combined with ancillary radio data to study the emissivity index of the interstellar dust emission in the frequency range 100–353?GHz, or 3–0.8?mm, in the Galactic plane. We analyse the region l = 20°–44° and |b| = 4° where the free-free emission can be estimated from radio recombination line data. We fit the spectra at each sky pixel with a modified blackbody model and two opacity spectral indices, ßmm and ßFIR, below and above 353?GHz, respectively. We find that ßmm is smaller than ßFIR, and we detect a correlation between this low frequency power-law index and the dust optical depth at 353?GHz, t353. The opacity spectral index ßmm increases from about 1.54 in the more diffuse regions of the Galactic disk, |b| = 3°–4° and t353 ~ 5 × 10-5, to about 1.66 in the densest regions with an optical depth of more than one order of magnitude higher. We associate this correlation with an evolution of the dust emissivity related to the fraction of molecular gas along the line of sight. This translates into ßmm ~ 1.54 for a medium that is mostly atomic and ßmm ~ 1.66 when the medium is dominated by molecular gas. We find that both the two-level system model and magnetic dipole emission by ferromagnetic particles can explain the results. These results improve our understanding of the physics of interstellar dust and lead towards a complete model of the dust spectrum of the Milky Way from far-infrared to millimetre wavelengths.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: A&A 564, A45 (2014)

Editorial: EDP Sciences

 Fecha de publicación: 01/04/2014

Nº de páginas: 13

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201322367

ISSN: 0004-6361,1432-0746

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201322367






ADE, P. A. R.