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The nature of X-ray-absorbed quasi-stellar objects

Abstract: There exists a significant population of broad line, z ? 2 quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) which have heavily absorbed X-ray spectra. Follow-up observations in the submillimetre show that these QSOs are embedded in ultraluminous starburst galaxies, unlike most unabsorbed QSOs at the same redshifts and luminosities. Here we present X-ray spectra from XMM?Newton for a sample of five such X-ray-absorbed QSOs that have been detected at submillimetre wavelengths. We also present spectra in the rest-frame ultraviolet from ground-based telescopes. All the five QSOs are found to exhibit strong CIV absorption lines in their ultraviolet spectra with equivalent width >5 Å. The X-ray spectra are inconsistent with the hypothesis that these objects show normal QSO continua absorbed by low-ionization gas. Instead, the spectra can be modelled successfully with ionized absorbers, or with cold absorbers if they possess unusually flat X-ray continuum shapes and unusual optical to X-ray spectral energy distributions. We show that the ionized absorber model provides the simplest, most self-consistent explanation for their observed properties. We estimate that the fraction of radiated power that is converted into kinetic luminosity of the outflowing winds is typically ?4 per cent, in agreement with recent estimates for the kinetic feedback from QSOs required to produce the M?? relation, and consistent with the hypothesis that the X-ray-absorbed QSOs represent the transition phase between obscured accretion and the luminous QSO phase in the evolution of massive galaxies.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Autoría: Page M.J., Carrera F.J., Stevens J.A., Ebrero J., Blustin A.J.,

 Fuente: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2011, 416(4), 2792-2801

Editorial: Oxford University Press

 Fecha de publicación: 01/10/2011

Nº de páginas: 10

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19226.x

ISSN: 0035-8711,1365-2966

 Proyecto español: ESP2006-13608-C02-01

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19226.x

Autoría

STEVENS, J. A.

EBRERO, J.

BLUSTIN, A. J.