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Abstract: Background: After the emergence of the first vaccines against the COVID-19, public health authorities have promoted mass vaccination in order to achieve herd immunity and reduce the effects of the disease. Vaccination rates have differed between countries, depending on supply (availability of resources) and demand (altruism and resistance to vaccination) factors.
Methods: This work considers the hypothesis that individuals' health altruism has been an important factor to explain the different levels of vaccination between countries, using the number of transplants as a proxy for altruism. Taking European Union's countries to remove, as far as possible, supply factors that might affect vaccination, we carry out cross-sectional regressions for the most favorable date of the vaccination process (maximum vaccination speed) and for each month during the vaccination campaign.
Results: Our findings confirm that altruism has affected vaccination rates against the COVID-19. We find a direct relationship between transplants rates (proxy variable) and vaccination rates during periods in which the decision to be vaccinated depended on the individual's choice, without supply restrictions. The results show that other demand factors have worked against vaccination: political polarization and belonging to the group of countries of the former Eastern bloc.
Conclusions: Altruism is a useful tool to define future vaccination strategies, since it favors the individuals' awareness for vaccination.
Fuente: Health Economics Review, 2023, 13(1), 2
Editorial: BioMed Central (part of Springer Nature)
Fecha de publicación: 01/01/2023
Nº de páginas: 12
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13561-022-00415-6
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HIERRO RECIO, LUIS ÁNGEL
DAVID PATIÑO RODRIGUEZ
ATIENZA MONTERO, PEDRO
GARZÓN GORDÓN, ANTONIO JOSÉ
DAVID CANTARERO PRIETO