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Using Direct Current Potential Drop Technique to Estimate Fatigue Crack Growth Rates in Solid Bar Specimens under Environmental Assisted Fatigue in Simulated Pressurized Water Reactor Conditions

Abstract: The direct current potential drop (DCPD) technique may be used in crack propagation tests to measure the crack growth rate (CGR). Potential probes attached to the specimen allow the variation of the crack length to be estimated. In this research, the DCPD technique using one single potential probe was applied to solid bar specimens (i.e., without any initial notch or crack) subjected to low-cycle fatigue testing in a simulated pressurized water reactor (PWR) environment. This particular analysis had two associated difficulties, the first one being the fact that crack initiation sites are not known beforehand, and the second one consisting in the experimental difficulties and conditioning factors associated with the simulation of the PWR environment. Nine solid bar specimens were tested to fatigue failure under different strain amplitudes and frequencies, while also measuring the corresponding DCPD signal during the fatigue process. It was observed that the initiation of multiple cracks was detected by the DCPD measurements. Moreover, as fatigue continued, one of the cracks became dominant and progressed to cause the specimen failure. The DCPD technique allowed the average CGR of the dominant crack to be estimated. Finally, the obtained average CGRs were validated by comparing them with average CGRs derived from striation spacing measurements, obtained from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and from literature values gathered in the NUREG/CR-6909 document.

 Autoría: Arrieta S., Perosanz F.J., Barcala J.M., Ruiz M.L., Cicero S.,

 Fuente: Metals, 2022, 12 (12), 2091

 Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 01/12/2022

 Nº de páginas: 14

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/met12122091

 ISSN: 2075-4701

 Proyecto europeo: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/662320/EU/INcreasing Safety in NPPs by Covering gaps in Environmental Fatigue Assessment/INCEFA - PLUS/