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Radial derivatives as a test of pre-big bang events on the Planck data

Abstract: Although the search for azimuthal patterns in cosmological surveys is useful to characterize some effects depending exclusively on an angular distance within the standard model, they are considered as a key distinguishing feature of some exotic scenarios, such as bubble collisions or conformal cyclic cosmology (CCC). In particular, the CCC is a non-stardard framework that predicts circular patterns on the cosmic microwave background intensity fluctuations. Motivated by some previous works that explore the presence of radial gradients, we apply a methodology based on the radial derivatives to the latest release of Planck data. The new approach allows exhaustive studies to be performed at all-sky directions at a HEALPIX resolution of Nside = 1024. Specifically, two different analyses are performed focusing on weight functions in both small (up to a 5-deg radius) and large scales. We present a comparison between our results and those shown by An, Meissner & Nurowski (2017) and An et al. (2018). In addition, a possible polarization counterpart of these circular patterns is also analysed for the most promising case. Taking into account the limitations to characterize the significance of the results, including the possibility of suffering a look-elsewhere effect, no strong evidence of the kind of circular patterns expected from CCC is found in the Planck data for either the small or the large scales.

 Autoría: Fernández-Cobos R., Marcos-Caballero A., Martínez-González E.,

 Fuente: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2020, 499(1), 1300-1311

 Editorial: Oxford University Press

 Año de publicación: 2020

 Nº de páginas: 12

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa2844

 ISSN: 0035-8711,1365-2966

 Proyecto español: ESP2017-83921-C2-1-R

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa2844