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Coronavirus disease 2019 in patients with rheumatic immune-mediated diseases in a single university hospital, matched case-control study and literature review

Abstract: Background: COVID-19 may present different degrees of severity. Viral infections in patients with rheumatic inflammatory diseases (R-IMID) trend to present more severe disease. However, data comparing the severity of the disease between R-IMID and the general population are scarce. Objectives: To compare predisposing factors, clinical, serological features, and severity of COVID-19 infection in patients with and without R-IMID. Methods: Case-control study in a single University Hospital. We included all consecutive patients with a diagnosis of an R-IMID and COVID-19 infection up to March 31st, 2021. This cohort was compared to patients without R-IMID and not receiving immunosuppressive therapy, matched for sex and age (±5 years). Confirmed infection was defined if a patient had a positive nasopharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2. Severity was divided into mild, moderate, severe and critical according to the United States National Institute of Health (NIH) guidelines. Results: We included 274 R-IMID patients (185 women/89 men), mean age 59.1 ± 18 years. More frequent R-IMID were: Rheumatoid arthritis (28.8%), Psoriatic Arthritis (20.1%), axial Spondyloarthritis (12.4%), Polymyalgia Rheumatica (8%) and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (8%). Hypertension and dyslipidemia were more frequent in patients with R-IMID. Although most of the cases were mild, critical cases and deaths were more frequent in R-IMID. When adjusted by comorbidities, no statistical differences were observed. Conclusion: R-IMID have a very similar clinical presentation when compared to the general population. There is a trend to an increased severity of the disease in patients with R-IMID.

 Fuente: Frontiers in Medicine, 2022. 9, 1056374

Editorial: Frontiers Media S.A.

 Año de publicación: 2022

Nº de páginas: 10

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3389/fmed.2022.1056374

ISSN: 2296-858X

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2022.1056374

Autoría

MARTÍNEZ-LÓPEZ, DAVID

FERRAZ-AMARO, IVÁN

DIANA PRIETO PEÑA

SÁNCHEZ BILBAO, LARA

HERRERO-MORANT, ALBA

ÁLVAREZ-REGUERA, CARMEN

BENAVIDES-VILLANUEVA, FABRICIO

CORRALES-SELAYA, CRISTINA

TRIGUEROS-VÁZQUEZ, MARTÍN