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Neuroepithelial cells (NECs) and mucous cells express a variety of neurotransmitters and neurotransmitter receptors in the gill and respiratory air-sac of the catfish Heteropneustes fossilis (Siluriformes, Heteropneustidae): a possible role in local immune defence

Abstract: Heteropneustes fossilis is an air-breathing teleost inhabiting environments with very poor O2 conditions, and so it has evolved to cope with hypoxia. In the gills and respiratory air-sac, the sites for O2 sensing and the response to hypoxia rely on the expression of acetylcholine (Ach) acting via its nicotinic receptor (nAChR). This study examined the expression patterns of neuronal markers and some compounds in the NECs of the gills and respiratory air sac having an immunomodulatory function in mammalian lungs. Mucous cells, epithelial cells and neuroepithelial cells (NECs) were immunopositive to a variety of both neuronal markers (VAChT, nAChR, GABA-B-R1 receptor, GAD679) and the antimicrobial peptide piscidin, an evolutionary conserved humoral component of the mucosal immune system in fish. We speculate that Ach release via nAChR from mucous cells may be modulated by GABA production in the NECs and it is required for the induction of mucus production in both normoxic and hypoxic conditions. The presence of piscidin in mucous cells may act in synergy with the autocrine/paracrine signals of Ach and GABA binding to GABA B R1B receptor that may play a local immunomodulatory function in the mucous epithelia of the gills and the respiratory air sac. The potential role of the NECs in the immunobiological behaviour of the gill/air-sac is at moment a matter of speculation. The extent to which the NECs as such may participate is elusive at this stage and waits investigation.

 Autoría: Lauriano E.R., Capillo G., Icardo J.M., Fernandes J.M.O., Kiron V., Kuciel M., Zuwala K., Guerrera M.C., Aragona M., Germana’ A., Zaccone G.,

 Fuente: Zoology, 2021, 148, 125958

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2021

 Nº de páginas: 9

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.zool.2021.125958

 ISSN: 0944-2006,1873-2720

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.zool.2021.125958

Autoría

LAURIANO, EUGENIA RITA

CAPILLO, GIOELE

OLIVEIRA FERNANDES, JORGE MANUEL

KIRON, VISWANATH

KUCIEL, MICHAL

ZUWALA, KRYSTYNA

GUERRERA, MARÍA CRISTINA

ARGONA, MARIALUISA

GERMANA, ANTONINO

ZACCONE, GIACOMO