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Blockade of the NFkB pathway drives differentiating glioblastoma-initiating cells into senescence both in vitro and in vivo

Abstract: Glioblastoma multiforme is one of the most devastating cancers and presents unique challenges to therapy because of its aggressive behavior. Cancer-initiating or progenitor cells have been described to be the only cell population with tumorigenic capacity in glioblastoma. Therefore, effective therapeutic strategies targeting these cells or the early precursors may be beneficial. We have established different cultures of glioblastoma-initiating cells (GICs) derived from surgical specimens and found that, after induction of differentiation, the NFkB transcriptional pathway was activated, as determined by analyzing key proteins such as p65 and IkB and the upregulation of a number of target genes. We also showed that blockade of nuclear factor (NF)kB signaling in differentiating GICs by different genetic strategies or treatment with small-molecule inhibitors, promoted replication arrest and senescence. This effect was partly mediated by reduced levels of the NFkB target gene cyclin D1, because its downregulation by RNA interference reproduced a similar phenotype. Furthermore, these results were confirmed in a xenograft model. Intravenous treatment of immunodeficient mice bearing human GIC-derived tumors with a novel small-molecule inhibitor of the NFkB pathway induced senescence of tumor cells but no ultrastructural alterations of the brain parenchyma were detected. These findings reveal that activation of NFkB may keep differentiating GICs from acquiring a mature postmitotic phenotype, thus allowing cell proliferation, and support the rationale for therapeutic strategies aimed to promote premature senescence of differentiating GICs by blocking key factors within the NFkB pathway.

 Autoría: Nogueira L., Ruiz-Ontañon P., Vazquez-Barquero A., Lafarga M., Berciano M.T., Aldaz B., Grande L., Casafont I., Segura V., Robles E.F., Suarez D., Garcia L.F., Martinez-Climent J.A., Fernandez-Luna J.L.,

 Fuente: Oncogene, 2011, 30, 3537-3548

Editorial: Basingstoke : Nature Publishing Group

 Año de publicación: 2011

Nº de páginas: 12

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1038/onc.2011.74

ISSN: 0950-9232,1476-5594

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1038/onc.2011.74

Autoría

NOGUEIRA, L.

RUIZ-ONTAÑÓN, P.

ALFONSO VAZQUEZ BARQUERO

MARIA TERESA BERCIANO BLANCO

ALDAZ, B.

LARA GRANDE GONZALEZ

SEGURA, V.

ROBLES, E. F.

SUÁREZ, D.

GARCÍA, L. F.

MARTÍNEZ-CLIMENT, J. A.

JOSE LUIS FERNANDEZ LUNA