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Influence of the implantation of the onshore power supply (ops) system in spanish medium-sized ports on the reduction in CO2 emissions: the case of the port of Santander (Spain)

Abstract: Society and its leaders are increasingly aware of the need to fight climate change and CO2 emissions in the search for sustainability. Maritime transport and ports are important sources of pollution and, while industry and the rest of the large-scale emitters have achieved considerable reductions in this area, ?shipping? is still not advancing at the same rate, falling behind in this race. The aim of this article is to underline the importance of an early implementation of On-Shore Power Supply (OPS), Cold Ironing (CI) or Alternative Marine Power (AMP) by making a study of potentially avoidable CO2 emissions from vessels docked (on the basis of the EPA [Environmental Protection Agency] and ENTEC [Environmental Engineering Consultancy, an environmental and engineering consultancy in UK] methods) close to urban areas in the Port of Santander (Spain). It is the first time potential reductions have been calculated for the last 11 years (2011?2021), distinguishing yearly emissions per type of vessel and providing real information to port authorities to prioritize the installation of this technological basis for the operation of piers/terminals to optimize investments and outcomes. In this case study, results demonstrate the outcomes of ROROs, ferries, and cruises being the first target of OPS implementation (reaching total of 37.95% of total emitted tons of CO2 during the period of study). As a clear conclusion to this paper, the reader can understand the enormous and growing potential of this technology multiplied by the continuous development, increase and implementation of green energies.

 Fuente: Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2022, 10,1446

Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 07/10/2022

Nº de páginas: 18

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/jmse10101446

ISSN: 2077-1312

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3390/ jmse10101446

Autoría

GUTIERREZ, MIGUEL A.

LOPEZ DIAZ, ALFONSO ISIDRO