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Vitamin D and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, should we stop the hype? A cross? sectional observational prospective study based on a geometric morphometrics approach

Abstract: Purpose There is strong evidence supporting the presence of fluctuating asymmetry (FA) in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). Additionally, recent research investigating the relationship between vitamin D and AIS found a relation between them. We hypothesize a negative correlation between FA and vitamin D. Methods We performed a surface scan of the torso of 53 AIS patients, a blood test to measure vitamin D and the radiographic Cobb angle. A correlation analysis between vitamin D and FA was carried out to test our hypothesis, and a regression of vitamin D on 3D shape was performed to observe shape differences between the vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency groups. Results There was no correlation between vitamin D and FA. We found a strong negative correlation between vitamin D and the Cobb angle only in the premenarche group (n = 7; r = - 0.92). Differences in shape were observed between the deficiency and insufficiency groups, and that differences were related to the width of the torso, but not the rotation or lateral flexion. Conclusions Our results do not support the massive screening of vitamin D in AIS. Shape analysis revealed differences between the shape of the deficiency and insufficiency groups related to robustness. However, this finding had no relation with the scoliosis characteristics, it just reflected different body composition, and its importance should be explored in future.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: European Spine Journal ,2023, 32,1132-1139

Editorial: Springer

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 8

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1007/s00586-023-07566-y

ISSN: 0940-6719,1432-0932

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-023-07566-y

Autoría

GONZÁLEZ-RUIZ, JOSÉ MARÍA

BASTIR, MARKUS

PIZONES, JAVIER

PALANCAR, CARLOS A.

TORO-IBACACHE, VIVIANA

MORENO MANZANARO, LUCÍA

SÁNCHEZ MÁRQUEZ, JOSÉ MIGUEL