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Analysis of dynamic plantar pressure and influence of clinical-functional measures on their performance in subjects with bimalleolar ankle fracture at 6 and 12 months post-surgery

Abstract: Recovery after ankle fracture surgery can be slow and even present functional deficits in the long term, so it is essential to monitor the rehabilitation process objectively and detect which parameters are recovered earlier or later. The aim of this study was 1) to evaluate dynamic plantar pressure and functional status in patients with bimalleolar ankle fracture 6 and 12 months after surgery, and 2) to study their degree of correlation with previously collected clinical variables. Twenty-two subjects with bimalleolar ankle fractures and eleven healthy subjects were included in the study. Data collection was performed at 6 and 12 months after surgery and included clinical measurements (ankle dorsiflexion range of motion and bimalleolar/calf circumference), functional scales (AOFAS and OMAS), and dynamic plantar pressure analysis. The main results found in plantar pressure were a lower mean/peak plantar pressure, as well as a lower contact time at 6 and 12 months with respect to the healthy leg and control group and only the control group, respectively (effect size 0.63 ? d ? 0.97). Furthermore, in the ankle fracture group there is a moderate negative correlation (?0.435 ? r ? 0.674) between plantar pressures (average and peak) with bimalleolar and calf circumference. The AOFAS and OMAS scale scores increased at 12 months to 84.4 and 80.0 points, respectively. Despite the evident improvement one year after surgery, data collected using the pressure platform and functional scales suggest that recovery is not yet complete.

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 Fuente: Sensors 2023, 23, 3975

Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 15

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/s23083975

ISSN: 1424-8220

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3390/s23083975