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Life-threatening dermatoses: Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis. impact on the spanish public health system (2010-2015)

Abstract: Background Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) are serious mucocutaneous reactions. In Spain, the epidemiology and resulting expenses of these diseases are not well established. Methodology Retrospective descriptive study using the Minimum Basic Data Set (CMBD in Spanish) in patients admitted to hospitals of the National Health System between 2010 and 2015 with a diagnosis of SJS and TEN (combination of ICD-9 codes 695.13, 695.14, and 695.15, along with length of hospital stay). Principal findings A total of 1,468 patients were recorded, 773 were men (52.7%). The mean age (± SD) was 52.25 ± 26.15 years. The mean incidence rate for all diagnoses was 5.19 cases per million person-years (2.96 in SJS, 0.31 in SJS/TEN and 1.90 in TEN). 148 patients died (10.1%), 47 due to SJS (5.6%) and 90 (16.7%) due to TEN. The estimated total medical cost of SJS, SJS/TEN, and TEN in Spain was €11.576.456,18, and the average medical cost per patient was €7.885,86 ± €11.686,26, higher medical cost in TEN (€10352.46 ± €16319,93) than in SJS (€6340,05 ± €7078,85) (p<0.001). Conclusions Older patients have a more severe clinical picture and higher mortality rates. The overall mortality of both diseases is approximately 10%, and clinical diagnosis and age were the variables with the greatest influence on mortality. This study describes a stable incidence and a similar prevalence to other European countries. Additionally, the data show a high cost due to hospitalizations. Finally, the CMBD could be a good system of epidemiological analysis for the study of infrequent diseases and hospital management of conditions such as SJS and TEN.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: PLoS One, 2018. 18, 1-12

Editorial: Public Library of Science

 Año de publicación: 2018

Nº de páginas: 12

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198582 J

ISSN: 1932-6203

Autores/as

VELASCO-TIRADO, VIRGINIA

ALONSO-SARDÓN, MONTSERRAT

COSANO-QUERO, ADRIANA

ROMERO-ALEGRÍA, ÁNGELA

SÁNCHEZ-LOS ARCOS, LEIRE

LÓPEZ-BERNUS, AMPARO

BELHASSEN-GARCÍA, MONCEF