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Met-ocean conditions influence on floating offshore wind farms power production

Abstract: Met-ocean conditions may affect the performance of a floating wind turbine, since a harsh climate could lead the system to exceed its operating thresholds and thus to force the machine shutdown. In this paper, it is a proposed methodology to evaluate the effect of met-ocean conditions on the long-term dynamic behaviour, and energy production, of a floating wind farm. For a sample of 500MW farm located off the coast of Aberdeen (Scotland), 20 years of met-ocean data are generated by means of meteorological reanalysis techniques. A subset of 1000 hourly conditions is selected, by means of a maximum dissimilarity algorithm, and input to a dynamic floating wind turbine model. Numerical results are then interpolated for the whole set of met-ocean data, using radial basis functions. This approach allows to dramatically reduce the global computation time. Tower inclination and hub acceleration are chosen as relevant operating parameters: the former mainly depends on mean wind speed and direction, being largest at rated wind speed. The latter is also affected by significant wave height, and reaches its highest values when wind and waves are aligned. For each simulation, any machine exceeding the selected safety threshold is considered to be shut down. Assuming continuous operation, the average lifespan capacity factor of the farm is 50.2%; more restrictive tolerances result in a nonlinear reduction of the energy production. This approach may help both at the design and the operational stage, in determining the best trade-off between energy production and safe operation.

 Fuente: Wind Energy, Volume 19, Issue 3 Pages 399?420

 Editorial: John Wiley & Sons

 Fecha de publicación: 01/03/2016

 Nº de páginas: 22

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1002/we.1840

 ISSN: 1095-4244,1099-1824

 Proyecto europeo: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/607656/EU//OceaNET/

 Url de la publicación: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/we.1840/full