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Telomere length, endothelial activation and carotid atherosclerosis in black and white African patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Abstract: Objective: Our objective was to examine associations of traditional and non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors with relative leukocyte telomere length and confounder adjusted relationships of relative telomere length with endothelial activation and carotid atherosclerosis in black and white African patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: Relative telomere length of leukocyte DNA in whole blood was determined using quantitative RT-PCR in 205 (101 black) African patients with RA. Results: In demographic characteristic adjusted analysis, relative telomere length tended to be larger in black compared to white patients (median (IQR)=0.54 (0.42-0.54) and 0.48 (0.37-0.60) (p=0.07), respectively). In black patients, waist circumference, systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure were associated with relative telomere length (? (SE)=-0.00270 (0.00114) (p=0.02), -0.00185 (0.00060) (p=0.003), -0.00243 (0.00112) (p=0.03) and -0.00225 (0.00075) (p=0.003), respectively); in white patients, age, anti-cyclic citrullinated antibody positivity, biologic agent use, a cholesterol-HDL cholesterol ratio of >4 and the number of major traditional risk factors were related to relative telomere length (? (SE) =-0.00242 (0.00113) (p=0.03), 0.06629 (0.03374) (p=0.05), -0.09321 (0.04310) (p=0.03), 0.08225 (0.03420) (p=0.02) and 0.04046 (0.01719) (p=0.02), respectively). One SD increase in relative telomere length was associated with carotid plaque (OR (95% CI)=1.65 (0.99-2.75) (p=0.05)) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 concentrations (? (SE)=-0.05031 (0.02480) (p=0.04)) in black and white patients, respectively. Conclusion: This study disclosed paradoxically direct relationships between relative telomere length and cardiovascular risk factors in white and atherosclerosis in black African RA patients. The role of relative telomere length in cardiovascular risk and its stratification in RA requires longitudinal investigation.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, 2016, 34, 864-871

Editorial: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology

 Año de publicación: 2016

Nº de páginas: 8

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

ISSN: 0392-856X,1593-098X

Autoría

RAYMOND, A.R.

BROOKSBANK, R.L.

MILLEN, A.M.E.

NORTON, G.R.

SOLOMON, A.

WOODIWISS, A.J.

TSANG, L.

DESSEIN, P.H.