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Dependence of the broad Fe K? line on the physical parameters of AGN

Abstract: In this paper, the dependence of the broad Fe K? line on the physical parameters of AGN, such as the black hole mass MBH, accretion rate (equivalently represented by Eddington ratio ?Edd) and optical classification is investigated by applying the X-ray spectra stacking method to a large sample of AGN which have well measured optical parameters. A broad-line feature is detected (>3?) in the stacked spectra of the high ?Edd sub-sample (log??Edd > ?0.9). The profile of the broad line can be well fitted with relativistic broad-line model, with the line energy consistent with highly ionized Fe K? line (i.e. Fe?XXVI). A model consisting of multiple narrow lines cannot be ruled out, however. We found hints that the Fe K line becomes broader as the ?Edd increases. No broad-line feature is shown in the sub-sample of broad-line Seyfert 1 (BLS1) galaxies and in the full sample, while a broad line might be present, though at low significance, in the sub-sample of narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxies. We find no strong dependence of the broad line on black hole masses. Our results indicate that the detection/properties of the broad Fe K? line may strongly depend on ?Edd, which can be explained if the ionization state and/or truncation radius of the accretion disc changes with ?Edd. The non-detection of the broad line in the BLS1 sub-sample can be explained if the average equivalent width of the relativistic Fe K? line is weak or/and the fraction of sources with relativistic Fe K? line is small in BLS1 galaxies.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 463, Iss. 1, Pp. 684?695, (2016)

Editorial: Oxford University Press

 Fecha de publicación: 01/11/2016

Nº de páginas: 12

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2042

ISSN: 0035-8711,1365-2966

 Proyecto español: AYA2015-64346-C2-1-P

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw2042