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Abstract: Objetive Systemic vasculitides represent a heterogeneous group of rare complex diseases of the blood vessels with a poorly understood aetiology. To investigate the shared genetic component underlying their predisposition, we performed the first crossphenotype meta-analysis of genetic data from different clinically distinct patterns of vasculitis. Methods Immunochip genotyping data from 2465 patients diagnosed with giant cell arteritis, Takayasu?s arteritis , antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis or IgA vasculitis as well as 4632 unaffected controls were analysed to identify common susceptibility loci for vasculitis development. The possible functional consequences of the associated variants were interrogated using publicly available annotation data. Results T he strongest association signal corresponded with an intergenic polymorphism located between HLA-DQB1 and HLA-DQA2 (rs6932517, P=4.16E-14, OR=0.74). This single nucleotide polymorphism is in moderate linkage disequilibrium with the disease-specific human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class II associations of each type of vasculitis and could mark them. Outside the HLA region, we identified the KDM4C gene as a common risk locus for vasculitides (highest peak rs16925200, P=6.23E-07, OR=1.75). This gene encodes a histone demethylase involved in the epigenetic control of gene expression. Conclusions T hrough a combined analysis of Immunochip data, we have identified KDM4C as a new risk gene shared between systemic vasculitides, consistent with the increasing evidences of the crucial role that the epigenetic mechanisms have in the development of complex immune-mediated conditions.
Fuente: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 2018, 77(4), 589-595
Editorial: BMJ Publishing Group
Año de publicación: 2018
Nº de páginas: 8
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
Url de la publicación: https://dx.doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2017-212372
ORTIZ FERNÁNDEZ, LOURDES
DAVID CARMONA, FRANCISCO
LÓPEZ MEJÍAS, RAQUEL
GONZÁLEZ ESCRIBANO, MARIA FRANCISCA
LYONS, PAUL A.
MORGAN, ANN W.
SAWALHA, AMR H.
SMITH, KENNETH G. C.
MIGUEL ANGEL GONZALEZ-GAY MANTECON
SPANISH GCA STUDY
UK GCA CONSORTIUM
TURKISH TAKAYASU STUDY GROUP
VASCULITIS CLINICAL RESEARCH
IGAV STUDY GROUP
AAV STUDY GROUP