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Abstract: In the face of continuing financial and economic crises, the European Investment Bank (EIB) has been criticized for being overly-conservative in its loans to Europe. Critics in particular have called on the EIB to vastly increase its investment in utilities as a counter-cyclical measure. To take stock and, in order to evaluate the role of the EIB in financing utilities over time, we compile and analyze an original database of all EIB utilities project loans from 1958 to 2004. We find the EIB started out by functioning as a regional development bank, prioritizing utilities finance in its members' poorer zones; however, energy crises in the 1970s marked a shift whereby the logic of EIB finance to utilities became more politicallyoriented. By the 1980s, utilities projects supported by the EIB were intimately related to those required for the Single Market. The origins of the EIB's current conservative approach to utilities loans was born in the 1970s and fully consolidated by the 1990s.
Fuente: Utilities Policy 29 (2014) 63-71
Editorial: Elsevier BV
Año de publicación: 2014
Nº de páginas: 9
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista
Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jup.2013.10.004
JUDITH CATHERINE CLIFTON WALKER
DANIEL DIAZ FUENTES
JULIO REVUELTA LOPEZ