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Planck 2015 results XV. Gravitational lensing

Abstract: We present the most significant measurement of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) lensing potential to date (at a level of 40?), using temperature and polarization data from the Planck 2015 full-mission release. Using a polarization-only estimator, we detect lensing at a significance of 5?. We cross-check the accuracy of our measurement using the wide frequency coverage and complementarity of the temperature and polarization measurements. Public products based on this measurement include an estimate of the lensing potential over approximately 70% of the sky, an estimate of the lensing potential power spectrum in bandpowers for the multipole range 40 ? L ? 400, and an associated likelihood for cosmological parameter constraints. We find good agreement between our measurement of the lensing potential power spectrum and that found in the ?CDM model that best fits the Planck temperature and polarization power spectra. Using the lensing likelihood alone we obtain a percent-level measurement of the parameter combination ?8?0.25m = 0.591 ± 0.021. We combine our determination of the lensing potential with the E-mode polarization, also measured by Planck, to generate an estimate of the lensing B-mode. We show that this lensing B-mode estimate is correlated with the B-modes observed directly by Planck at the expected level and with a statistical significance of 10?, confirming Planck?s sensitivity to this known sky signal. We also correlate our lensing potential estimate with the large-scale temperature anisotropies, detecting a cross-correlation at the 3? level, as expected because of dark energy in the concordance ?CDM model.

 Fuente: Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2016, 594, A15

 Editorial: EDP Sciences

 Fecha de publicación: 01/10/2016

 Nº de páginas: 28

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201525941

 ISSN: 0004-6361,1432-0746

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201525941

Autoría

LAURA BONAVERA

ANDRES CURTO MARTIN

JOAQUIN GONZALEZ-NUEVO GONZALEZ

MARCOS LOPEZ-CANIEGO ALCARRIA

LUIGI TOFFOLATTI