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Experimental and numerical analysis of cellulosic insulation failures of continuously transposed conductors under short circuits and thermal ageing in power transformers

Abstract: The integrity of the cellulosic insulation in power transformers is considered one of the most relevant parameters that affects their performance and reliability. Electric faults, such as short circuits, have thermal and mechanical effects that degrade the paper and can eventually produce the end-of-life of the transformer. The evolution of the properties of the paper insulation of a commercial continuously transposed conductor due to thermal ageing was characterised through the degree of polymerisation and tensile testing. Failure initiation and propagation in the paper was analysed macroscopically and microscopically using scanning electron microscope. A finite element numerical mechanical model of the conductor was implemented to reproduce the experiments and to obtain the load level and strain state that produce failure at each ageing state, aiming at developing a failure model for the insulation. This model may contribute to an improvement in manufacturing processes and management of the electrical system.

 Autoría: Oria C., Carrascal I., Ortiz A., Fernandez I., Ferreno D., Afshar R., Gamstedt K.,

 Fuente: IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 2020, 27(1), 325-333

 Editorial: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

 Fecha de publicación: 01/02/2020

 Nº de páginas: 8

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1109/TDEI.2019.008342

 ISSN: 1558-4135,1070-9878

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1109/TDEI.2019.008342