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Simultaneous separation of nickel and copper from sulfuric acid using chelating weak base resins

Abstract: BACKGROUND: The management of industrial spent acids containing metals to be potentially recovered for further reuse is within the scope of circular economy principles. In particular, spent sulfuric acid solutions are usually treated by precipitation technologies, which are limited by the lack of selectivity thus affecting metal reuse. In this work, acidic effluents containing nickel =9 g L-1), copper (=3 g L-1) and iron (=24 g L-1) in sulfuric acid media were treated with commercial chelating resins. Iminodiacetate (Purolite®S930Plus) and bis-picolylamine (MTS9600®) resins were selected to perform the selective recovery of nickel and copper over iron, which is an impurity for further metal recovery by electrowinning. RESULTS: Under the selected operation conditions (pH = 2), resin MTS9600® reported the best separation results with removal percentages of copper, nickel and iron of =80%, =99% and =10% respectively. The adsorption equilibrium of copper and nickel were described by the Langmuir (q m,Cu =48 309 mg kgdryresin-1 and K L,Cu =9.1 10-2 L mg-1) and Freundlich (K F,Ni =645 (mg kgdry resin?1)(Lmg-1)1/n) and n Ni =2.29) models, respectively. Kinetic experiments confirmed that copper removal is preferential and weakly influenced by the operation conditions being described by a pseudo-first-order model. On the contrary, nickel kinetics that followed a pseudo-second order are strongly affected by reducing both the pH and the solid-liquid ratio. CONCLUSIONS: The promising results confirm that resin MTS9600® is an effective adsorbent for the removal of nickel and copper at strong acid conditions. More research is being conducted to analyze the resin regeneration and the selective recovery of target metals.

 Autoría: Ulloa L., Bringas E., San-Román M.F.,

 Congreso: ANQUE-ICCE International Congress of Chemical Engineering (3º : 2019 : Santander)

 Fuente: Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 2020, 95(7), 1906-1914

 Editorial: Wiley-Blackwell

 Fecha de publicación: 01/07/2020

 Nº de páginas: 9

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1002/jctb.6364

 ISSN: 0268-2575,1097-4660

 Proyecto español: CTM2017-87740-R ; CTM2016-76176-C2-1-R

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.6364