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Analysis of massive MIMO performance in an indoor picocell with high number of users

Abstract: This paper presents an analysis of the massive multiple input and multiple output (MIMO) channel in an indoor picocell with a high number of active user terminals and a base station consisting of a virtual array with up to one hundred elements. The analysis is based on the results of a measurement campaign carried out in the 3.2 to 4 GHz band in a scenario of reduced size and with a symmetrical geometry, in which users are also placed in an orderly manner. The channel meets the condition of favorable propagation depending on several factors, one of the most important being the spatial distribution of users. Results concerning the inverse condition number as well as the channel sum capacity are included. Another factor that determines the performance of massive MIMO systems when operated in an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) framework is the frequency selectivity of the channel that limits the size of the coherence block (ChB). Focusing on the most significant results achieved, it can be concluded that the channel reaches a capacity of 89% with respect to an i.i.d. Rayleigh channel. Concerning the cumulative distribution function (CDF) of the sum capacity, it can also be observed that the tails are not very pronounced, which indicates that a homogeneous service can be given to all users. Regarding the number of samples that make up the ChB, although it is high in all cases (of the order of tens of thousands), it strongly depends on the degree of correlation used to calculate the coherence bandwidth.

 Autoría: Perez J.R., Torres R.P., Domingo M., Valle L., Basterrechea J.,

 Fuente: IEEE Access, 2020, 8, 107025-107034

 Editorial: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

 Fecha de publicación: 08/06/2020

 Nº de páginas: 10

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3000602

 ISSN: 2169-3536

 Proyecto español: TEC2017-86779-C2-1-R

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3000602