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The tumor suppressor BTG1 is expressed in the developing digits and regulates skeletogenic differentiation of limb mesodermal progenitors in high density cultures

Abstract: In the developing limb, differentiation of skeletal progenitors towards distinct connective tissues of the digits is correlated with the establishment of well-defined domains of Btg1 gene expression. Zones of high expression of Btg1 include the earliest digit blastemas, the condensing mesoderm at the tip of the growing digits, the peritendinous mesenchyme, and the chondrocytes around the developing interphalangeal joints. Gain- and loss-of function experiments in micromass cultures of skeletal progenitors reveal a negative influence of Btg1 in cartilage differentiation accompanied by up-regulation of Ccn1, Scleraxis and PTHrP. Previous studies have assigned a role to these factors in the aggregation of progenitors in the digit tips (Ccn1), in the differentiation of tendon blastemas (Scleraxis) and repressing hypertrophic cartilage differentiation (PTHrP). Overexpression of Btg1 up-regulates the expression of retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptors, but, different from other systems, the influence of BTG1 in connective tissue differentiation appears to be independent of retinoic acid and thyroid hormone signaling.

 Autoría: Lorda-Diez C., Montero J., Garcia-Porrero J., Hurle J.,

 Fuente: Cell and Tissue Research, 2016, 364, 299-308

 Editorial: Springer-Verlag

 Año de publicación: 2016

 Nº de páginas: 10

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1007/s00441-015-2331-4

 ISSN: 0302-766X,1432-0878

 Proyecto español: BFU2014-54026P

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-015-2331-4