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Slit beam shaping technique for femtosecond laser inscription of enhanced plane-by-plane FBGs

Abstract: In this work, the development of plane-by-plane (Pl-b-Pl) fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) by using a single pulse is reported. A slit oriented along the longitudinal axis of the fiber is employed for this. The purpose is to shape the beam so that the focal volume is spatially wider in the transverse direction of the fiber. In this way, it is possible to make 2-D modifications of the refractive index whose width and height depends on the slit width and the pulse energy, respectively. Through an analytical mathematical modelling, the relationship between the diameter of the Gaussian laser beam ( Dx ) and the slit width ( s=Dy ) is determined in order to obtain a circular cross-section. In the experimental results carried out, it can be observed that Dx/Dy = text3 ratio cause positive and uniform refractive index changes, compared to the negative and inhomogeneous refractive index changes corresponding to point-by-point (PbP) FBGs. Likewise, Pl-b-Pl FBGs, presenting a broader modification of the core cross-section, show significantly lower losses in transmission (0.3 dB), as well as better reflectivity and FWHM. It is observed that these three parameters (losses, reflectivity and FWHM) have a monotonous tendency according to the slit width. Polarization-dependence is also evaluated.

 Autoría: Roldan-Varona P., Pallares-Aldeiturriaga D., Rodriguez-Cobo L., Lopez-Higuera J.M.,

 Fuente: Journal of Lightwave Technology, 2020, 38(16), 4526-4532

 Editorial: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

 Fecha de publicación: 15/08/2020

 Nº de páginas: 7

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2020.2992568

 ISSN: 0733-8724,1558-2213

 Proyecto español: TEC2016-76021-C2-2-R

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1109/JLT.2020.2992568