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State of the art and review on the treatment technologies of water reverse osmosis concentrates

Abstract: The growing demand for fresh water is partially satisfied by desalination plants that increasingly use membrane technologies and among them reverse osmosis to produce purified water. Operating with water recoveries from 35% to 85% RO plants generate huge volumes of concentrates containing all the retained compounds that are commonly discharged to water bodies and constitute a potentially serious threat to marine ecosystems; therefore there is an urgent need for environmentally friendly management options of RO brines. This paper gives an overview on the potential treatments to overcome the environmental problems associated to the direct discharge of RO concentrates. The treatment options have been classified according to the source of RO concentrates and the maturity of the technologies. For the sake of clarity three different sources of RO concentrates are differentiated i) desalination plants, ii) tertiary processes in WWTP, and iii) mining industries. Starting with traditional treatments such as evaporation and crystallization other technologies that have emerged in last years to reduce the volume of the concentrate before disposal and with the objective of achieving zero liquid discharge and recovery of valuable compounds from these effluents are also reviewed. Most of these emerging technologies have been developed at laboratory or pilot plant scale. With regard to RO concentrates from WWTP, the manuscript addresses recent studies that are mainly focused on reducing the organic pollutant load through the application of innovative advanced oxidation technologies. Finally, works that report the treatment of RO concentrates from industrial sources are analyzed as well.

 Autoría: Pérez-González A., Urtiaga A., Ibáñez R., Ortiz I.,

 Fuente: Water Research, 2012, 46(2), 267-283

 Editorial: Elsevier Limited

 Fecha de publicación: 01/02/2012

 Nº de páginas: 17

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2011.10.046

 ISSN: 0043-1354,1879-2448

 Proyecto español: CSD2006-44 ; CTQ2008-00690/PPQ ; ENE2010-15585 ; CTQ2008-03225/PPQ

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2011.10.046