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Study of different grouting materials used in vertical geothermal closed-loop heat exchangers

Abstract: As a renewable source, low-enthalpy geothermal energy is becoming more relevant in heating and cooling buildings, by using an adapted heat pump to exchange thermal energy with the ground. Vertical closed-loop geothermal systems exchange heat with the ground through a closed buried pipe system, sealed with a grouting material that ensures the stability and thermal transmission of the borehole. Different grouting materials have been tested recently, which use cement or bentonite as a base material. However, the use of recycled materials, which might contribute to the sustainability of the project, has not yet been studied. This paper analyzes the use of different natural and recycled aggregates as main constituents in cement-based mortars. Results show that all mixes fulfill the minimum consistency and strength requirements. The use of any of the aggregates proposed improves the thermal conductivity compared to the cement mortar on its own, independently of the proportion used. Limestone sand, silica sand and electric arc furnace slag enhance the thermal conductivity of the grout as its proportion of use increases. However, no satisfactory results have been obtained for Construction and Demolition Waste-based mixes because of their high water requirement.

 Autoría: Borinaga-Treviño R., Pascual-Muñoz P., Castro-Fresno D., Del Coz-Díaz J.,

 Fuente: Applied Thermal Engineering, 2013, 50(1), 159-167

 Editorial: Elsevier Ltd

 Año de publicación: 2013

 Nº de páginas: 8

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2012.05.029

 ISSN: 1359-4311,1873-5606

 Proyecto español: BIA2009-08272 ; FICYT FC-10-EQUIP10-17 ; BIA-2008-00058

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2012.05.029